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Robert Mitchell
Robert Mitchell

John Lyons Language And Linguistics An Introduction 207.pdf



Language teachers can turn to computational linguistics to explore the language used in children. When children acquire syntactic elements and the language they learn to express such elements in, they rely on a lot of generalization and abstraction in order to achieve a greater expressiveness. Computational linguistic approaches to the study of language acquisition focus on the processes that help children build their syntactic knowledge. One such approach is the so-called transition grammars, the formalism that is used in the study of the language use of children, who do not yet have a full syntactic knowledge. Such a learning process consists of a gradual build-up of grammatical knowledge, in which the child is shown how to use certain words to convey grammatical relations that can be linked together to produce more complex structures. The study of how children learn to use language is relevant to the contemporary approach to language acquisition, which uses a learner-centered approach.




John Lyons Language And Linguistics An Introduction 207.pdf



The notion of language relativity, defined by the Malinowski-Lewis thesis ( 1934, 1935, 1941 ), is one of the more well-known, but lesser-explored, contributions of the field of linguistics. Most research in this area, however, focus on the domain of semantics, whereas the definition of language relativity is a non-semantic one. In this sense, the relationship of language relativity and semantics can be seen as complementary. It is known that the results of the experiments by Malinowski-Lewis are highly influenced by the differences between the subjects tested (Bower, Lamb, and Higginbotham 1981 ; Bower and Campbell 1965 ). Bimordal convergence, introduced by Cey, Madariaga, and Roy ( 1991 ), is a particular kind of language relativity, referring to the fact that the same expression or behavior can be viewed from different perspectives in different cultures. This work, based on the ethnographic and philological study of several indigenous people, reached the conclusion that a particular type of sign is not treated as a sign unless it is viewed in the context of the sign system of the indigenous community.


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